Research > Research Reports
The FSRD ITB repository collect research reports, conducted by staffs. The manuscripts are available for access upon requests and granted permit by the respected authors/researchers. The abstracts are freely available and enlisted according to their date of publications.
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Dr. Ira Adriati, M.Sn. (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
Video Art: History of Bandung from Prehistory to Colonial Era
Extended Abstract: Latar belakang pembuatan video art sejarah Bandung ini, karena minimnya sarana edukasi di Museum Sri Baduga Bandung yang memanfaatkan teknologi digital. Padahal saat ini anak-anak sangat terbiasa dengan berbagai tayangan televisi, internet, (audio visual), oleh karena itu sangat diperlukan media edukasi yang menarik pengunjung khususnya anak-anak. Melalui video art diharapkan dapat meningkatkan ketertarikan pengunjung untuk memahami sejarah Bandung.
Video art sejarah Bandung dalam kegiatan ini dipilih tiga jenis konsep tayangan yaitu reportase untuk video art Gua Pawon, semi reportase dalam tayangan video art Soekarno dan Dewi Sartika, dan konsep karya seni dalam video art Pemandangan Bandung.
Dr. Achmad Haldani Destiarmand, M.Sn (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
EXPLORATION OF BANDUNG MOTIF BATIK CERAMIC TO PRODUCTS DECORATIVE CRAFTS (POTTERY) AS EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN LOCAL IDENTITY (Place of Execution: Crafts
Extended Abstract: Preface This community service program is a vehicle for applied research, as a follow up of the research and development of the motif of Bandung City, the use of natural colors from local clay Plered (engobe) and techniques in product decoration craft decorative ceramics (pottery) in the industry of craft decorative ceramics center (pottery) at Plered Purwakarta. This activity aims to preserve, develop and revitalize cultural traditions especially ceramics (pottery) and in West Java batik as a solution to the challenges of a global market that demands quality products, quantity and strong local identity through the exploration motif city of Bandung on ceramic handicraft product ornamental (pottery) with specific targets to increase production / UKM revenue, the amount of labor absorption, application of technology and art / design.
Approach / method used in solving community service program was conducted by the method of mentoring and workshops through the stages of the following activities: - Data collection (Identification) - Analysis - Development and making a mock up / model - Application of mock up / models (training and workshops) - Evaluation This community service program carried out for 6 months with the implementation schedule in one location i.e. industrial centers ornamental ceramics (pottery) Plered Purwakarta, West Java, and in particular to implement a typical motif in Bandung on ornamental ceramic products (pottery) by using natural colors ( engobe) typical Plered as a medium.
Methods 1. Data Collection Methods (Identification) a. Observation Data Observations on decorative ceramics products (pottery) Plered which use motif / as a form of decorations and embellishments. b. Literature Data Search the literature in the use of West Javanese batik motifs that produce decorative ceramics (pottery) economic value of natural dyes made from local (engobe) that have been developed. c. Interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Interviewing is the process of tracing the sources of information that are considered to have expertise or knowledge of production techniques and decoration. FGD will be conducted as a process of evaluation of the search process and the development of Batik motifs typical of West Java as a part of decoration on the product. . 2. Method of Analysis Using a content analysis method to study theoretically (based on literature review and interviews with experts) and pragmatic studies (based on field observation studies) in order to bring a development concept in exploration of Bandung city motif applied to the decorative ceramics products (pottery) Plered with using natural colors (engobe) locally so as to produce decorative ceramics products (pottery) with a strong local identity and meet market demands.
3. Workshop / training & mentoring.
Results The program is trying to open up new opportunities for craftsmen of decorative ceramics (pottery), particularly craftsmen of decorative ceramic (pottery) in Plered, Purwakarta district, a new alternative market, in particular local markets, as well as a new variety in their products by making use of motifs typical of the Bandung city. With this potential is expected to develop the craftsmen triggered according to the capacity of each, as well as be able to inspire young people to realize at the same time exploit the potential of the pottery industry in the region, and on a regular basis can reduce the tendency of the use of colors decorative ceramics (pottery) made from synthetic materials such as paint as decoration pottery in the center which when seen from the technical and aesthetic aspects are less profitable.
On the other hand the program also tries sosialization and promote the existence of batik motifs and colors typical of Bandung, which are still relatively new in the realm of batik in West Java but has a huge potential market potential because it is designed by experts who are competent in their field as well as the universities based on the trends visual-technological trends and newer. Thus the consumer public appreciation of the craft of batik Bandung city will increase.
Drs. Budi Isdianto, MSn (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
Tasikmalaya Bamboo Laminates Color and Form Exploration
Extended Abstract: Bamboo is a well known traditional material to people Tasikmalaya, West Java. Bamboo is used to complement and support the daily activity, from small scale such as mats, tables, chairs, baskets and even large scale such as bunks beds and home partitions. But over time, the development of bamboo in Tasikmalaya is not very good. It need some design improvement that fit the actual needs, this is caused by a lack of skills and knowledge of craftsmen in developing the design. The product that has been produced is still a repetition of the previous generation, and only a slight development was made.
This program is an effort to build an integrated industrial system, where the market needs to be introduced with the capacities and capabilities of supply of bamboo-related industries. It is also expected that it will occured a harmonious interaction between universities (ITB) which has a base of science, technology and design with the industry, especially bamboo handicrafts in Tasikmalaya.
The program begins with the observation of the market, to get information of the needs of bamboo craft products, especially bamboo craft that serves as home accessories, residential or public facilities such as restaurants and hotels. Further observations on the production of such continuity, consistency of supply and quality of raw materials used by craftsmen. Then made some observations on the production capacity, including machinery and skilled labor used in the processess.
After collecting and analyzing the data and references from the field, the design team will make some design submissions that can be developed in accordance with the state, which will then be produced by craftsmen as a prototype. Prototype is to be tested, both in terms of manufacturing quality, strength, uniqueness, etc. And then introduce it to compete with other product in the market. When the market accept it well enough, it is possible to do large-scale production.
Dr. Imam Santosa, M.Sn. (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE PRODUCT USING COCONUT SHELL AS HANDICRAFT/FURNICRAFT IN THE CONTEXT OF DESIGN DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT BASED ON VI
Extended Abstract: National identity is largely determined by the quality of human resources. It is necessary for the nation's best cadres who have high intelligence, attitude, fighting spirit, and high competitiveness, as well as powerful capabilities. Creative industry is an industry with the potential to be developed considering the industry has the resources that are not restricted, i.e. based on intellectual human resources are also mechanisms that encourage the production of high demand to the needs of creative elements in the world of design and the visual processing.
Based on those condition, it is realized that there should be a situation to respond the development on creative industry in Indonesia, which should be able to respond and supply people needs on scientific development.
In this case, the handicraft industry products are the main aspect to sustain the programs, especially in the creative industry of crafts. These aspects including creative products knowledge such as production (material/raw, and techniques), distribution, and marketing. Particularly in the coconut shell-based crafts world (handicraft & furnicraft) such as in Yogyakarta and Bali, there are instability among productivity, distribution, and marketing. This is caused by many market demands which are not supported by a balance of raw materials supply.
Pangandaran as the largest coconut producer in the south of West Java, it has the potential to be developed into a supplier of semi-finished industry as handicraft product material in many big cities in the Indonesia, even directed to be able to produce potential designs.
The objectives: (1) Developing design expertise, in the context of applied science of design, ranging from creative activity related to the creation and production produces by craftsmen started from the initial design to the production process, (2) Applying the appropriate pattern for the development of creative products facing open market era in order to foster independence, self-sufficiency design, competitive self-reliance, (3) Establishing community of craftsmen and coconut palm sugar farmers in the development of handicraft products (handicraft & furnicraft) made from coconut shells, (4) Building a pilot model of a typical creative products from local area that can compete with similar products.
Based on this phenomenon, it is important to keep a stable productivity and marketing, through The Development/Creative Furnicraft Coconut Shell as Handricraft/Furnicraft in The Context of Design Development of Community Empowerment Based on Village-Vernacular at District of Wonoharjo, Pangandaran, West Java.
Targeted results: (1) Innovative design of handicraft product model and furnicraft with coconut shell materials along with improvement of aesthetic quality and production, (2) Process and products of appropriate technology in the form of methods and product models development, (3) Socialization program results in the Journal.
Yan Yan Sunarya, SSn., MSn. (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
EKSPERIMEN VISUAL KREATIF BATIK NYERE (SAPULIDI) UNTUK PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT BABAKAN CIAMIS
Extended Abstract: Kota Bandung akhir-akhir ini aktif dalam perancangan pada tataran ekonomi kreatif, termasuk produk batiknya. Apalagi batik kini mendapat penghargaan UNESCO sebagai warisan dunia. Membahas perkembangan Batik Jawa Barat, kini batik dalam persepsi tradisi, apapun bentuk ekspresi maupun medianya, telah diakui dunia, baik kandungan filsafat maupun estetiknya. Keterpukauan dunia terhadap batik, selain membangkitkan kebanggaan juga menyadarkan kita agar tak terjebak ke dalam suasana melenakan. Kesadaran emosional dan intelektual, merupakan jawaban yang diupayakan guna mengubah visi tradisi yang dogmatis, menjadi sebuah nilai yang bersifat cair. Ia harus menjadi sumber aliran kreatifitas yang sarat dengan faham keterbukaan dan independensi. Sekarang adalah saat yang tepat bagi insan batik (Komunitas Batik Nyere Babakan Ciamis) untuk menampilkan gagasan multidimensi, yang bersifat evaluatif, aktual maupun konsepsional menyangkut kiprah batik selama ini maupun ke depan sebagai kekuatan kearifan lokal (Bandung, Jawa Barat). Peristiwa ini muncul berawal dari kegiatan pelatihan industri kreatif batik bermedia sapu nyere (lidi) di Babakan Ciamis 24–29 nov 2012, yang digagas oleh Ketua RW 07 Yuyu Wahyudin, di Balai Serbaguna RW 07 Babakan Ciamis. Kegiatan ini pun disokong sekaligus dibuka kala itu oleh Wakil Walikota Bandung : H. Ayi Vivananda, SH. Sedangkan peserta tercatat sebanyak 30 orang terdiri atas para remaja dan kaum ibu yang berasal dari Kelurahan Babakan Ciamis, sebagai ujud implementasi pemberdayaan masyarakat setempat. Kegiatan pemberdayaan ini berimplikasi awal pada berbagai peliputan media massa, di antaranya : Radar, Mangle, Detikcom, Kompas, Tribune, Pikiran Rakyat, PJTV, Tempo, MetroTV, STV, Inilah Koran, Fokus Jabar, Sundanews, Sindo, Ctchannel, Antara, Bisnis Jabar, Portal JPMI, TVRI Jabar, dst.
Tujuan kegiatan ini antara lain : (1) Meningkatkan apresiasi masyarakat akan karya batik serta membangun kekuatan sinergis dalam memperkaya khasanah Batik Jawa Barat; (2) Mengeksplorasi kekuatan visual kreatifitas dalam menghadapi tantangan modernisasi yang mengubah aset kebudayaan lebih jauh dalam masa mendatang; (3) Menjadi media informasi dan katalisator bagi masyarakat produsen, konsumen, apresiator, kolektor, perancang, pelindung kriya dan institusi kriya (Program Studi Kriya FSRD ITB khususnya dan ITB umumnya), serta media massa; (4) Memperoleh umpan balik bagi upaya pemberdayaan kualitas estetik dan kualitas produk Batik Nyere (Sapulidi), guna memenuhi aspirasi masyarakat, pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam perkembangan mutakhir.
Sehubungan dengan itu, perlu diadakan pengembangan : “Eksperimen Visual Kreatif Batik Nyere (Sapulidi) untuk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Babakan Ciamis”, sebagai manifesto identitas kearifan lokal Babakan Ciamis, hingga terjadi peningkatan apresiasi masyarakat yang lebih luas dan semakin serius berkesinambungan yang berperan penting dalam mempertahankan keutuhan suatu budaya setempat.
Dian Widiawati, S.Sn, M.Sn (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
Utilization of Tannery Waste Through Synthesis Process for Material Colors in Decorative Ceramic Products (Regional Activity Center of Kiaracondong Ba
Extended Abstract: From the results of previous studies, the tannery industrial waste can be extracted to produce color oxides are further processed into pigments. This waste can be obtained at very cheap even free for some waste, so just spend money to buy acid and soda ash as a neutralizing waste. For huge waste, there are leathers industry located not far from downtown Garut, precisely located in the town of Garut, kecamatan Sukaregang. Center of vending outlet leather products are in jalan Ahmad Yani, Garut. Tanning industry and craftsmen of leather products in jalan Gagak Lumayung located not far from jalan Ahmad Yani. District of Garut city is one of the factories that produce tannery waste. On the other hand Kiaracondong (ceramic center in Bandung) are very crowded. Since the rise in fuel prices in 2005, especially petrol and high prices of color oxide / glaze cause the number of potters Kiaracondong Bandung continues to decrease. Currently are only about 6 business units. There are several causes of the decreasing amount of crafters and business units include, first, the rising population in the area of Crafts Ceramics Center in Kiaracondong that air pollution such as smoke from a furnace chimney kerosene made from ceramics and glazes air pollution from toxic materials such aslead environment so that the population is very disturbing causes air pollution and cause various diseases. This condition is exacerbated by the many craftsmen who moved out Kiaracondong and spread to other areas surrounding Bandung like Ciranjang (Cianjur), Banjaran, Rancaekek, Kopo, and so forth. Second, increase the price up to 80% and fuel shortages mainly petroleum since 2005 which has led to many craftsmen out of business their business. Third, rising material prices and higher color glazes so many crafters who are unable to produce themselves. It is unfortunate when a center that has a lot of employment and attract market interest and foreign tourists have disappeared. Based on the above background, community service is important to do in Crafts Ceramics Center in Kiaracondong, Bandung. This community service as the Triple Helix model approach / way of solving problems related to innovation and the growth of knowledge-based economy. From the research team of lecturer of craft ceramic ITB then applied to Kiaracondong ceramic center to increase the economic value of the production of their decorative ceramics.
Methode College entrepreneurial activity (Zhou, 2008: 110) has a different concept that should have 3 missions (teaching, research and service). This community service as the Triple Helix model approach / way of solving problems related to innovation and the growth of knowledge-based economy in the ceramics industry center Kiaracondong Bandung. Triple Helix Model (Etzkowitz, 2008: 1) is a model of the interaction between university-industry-government to establish a business incubator star-up UKM, venture capital, independent business for the community.
This model demonstrates the need for technology transfer from universities to industry to foster innovation (David, 2010: 76). Technologies is meant here is the results of research produced by faculty ITB lecturers especially on the synthesis of craft ceramics as ceramic color obtained from tannery waste. From the results of this study are then applied at the center of the ceramic industry Kiaracondong Bandung to increase the economic value of the production of decorative ceramics Industry Centers Kiaracondong Bandung. Besides ITB, the government in this case the Government of Bandung is also involved in supporting the knowledge-based economy with business policy and UKM businesses, access to capital and infrastructure.
Result Output that can be measured from the community service activities include: 1. Increased UKM profit 2. Escalation of labor 3. Application of Technology 4. Socialization Program Results (Mass Media) 5. Establishment of Independent Business Centers
Dr.Andar Bagus Sriwarno, M.Sn (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
Bamboo Product Development for Indonesian Bamboo Society
Extended Abstract: Indonesian Bamboo Society is a community founded by observers bamboo plants in the manufacture of cultural products peculiar to the people of West Java . This community was founded by Drs . Anang Sumarna which aims to encourage people to love bamboo products . As cultural products , bamboo products are taught from generation to generation with a form that is not too experienced many changes . As an incentive to communities to promote the importance of bamboo on the lives of everyday people , discourse bamboo products become important in introducing bamboo to the public . One important thing in product development is a bamboo design aspect itself is an indication of how far the community to develop the design of its products for the benefit of the public . Design of bamboo products for much less touched and developed in accordance with the trends and tastes of the community . The role of universities in creating the contribution of product development is to conduct research and development of bamboo materials into new products that have high competitiveness in the market . The wealth of natural bamboo materials need to be introduced to the global community with a new design bamboo products to the specific culture of Indonesian society , especially people of West Java . In an effort to empower the community with the target subject is IBS , researchers try to introduce a method of product development by means of laminating and bending the laminate into a specific shape that has a function (bent laminated bamboo). As a case study , researchers tried to develop it into a piece of furniture which means sit in such a way that is processed into a bamboo chair with a touch of new and different form the other
Drs. Prabu Wardono, M.Des., Ph.D (Program Riset Desentralisasi ITB 2013), 2014,
Pemanfaatan Unsur Alam berbasis Silica sebagai Upaya Strategis untuk Mengembangkan Sumber Daya Desain Tata Cahaya Inovatif yang Ramah Lingkungan dan B
Extended Abstract: We are aware that sunlight is abundant in the tropical zone. The use of natural light as a source of lighting we do have long been practiced to support our daily activities and health. Glasses as building materials have been proven to be very beneficial to allow skylight to penetrate to the inside of building and facilitate our view toward landscape outside. Beside glasses we know that there is other material like polycarbonate, and the last resource is translucent concrete. This material is created from concrete and fiberglass and is already in the market with the name Litracon. Beside these unfortunately people do not know any other material that is translucent, while we know that Indonesia is rich of natural material of building, especially Silica. Therefore in this research we study the use of natural material especially silica to create a brick that is translucent. The method we proposed to achieve this goal is first, literature study to create a theoretical framework of the problem either in the aspect of material property and the need for lighting. Exploratory study of the material is needed to identify the proper material needed to solve the problem, including the study of a correct composition of it for molding the translucent brick. Finally an experiment is importantly needed to test the formula according to the identified formula and evaluate how it looks or physical property meets aesthetical criteria, support the need of strength as bricks and meet the Indonesian industrial standard (SNI). Evaluation of the intensity of light that a brick can mediate is also need to be done. From the study so far, we have found the material needed for making a brick, that is kaolin, silica sand, sodium silicate and calcium oxide, as well as the formula. The result we have from the experiment is quite satisfactorily, after some trials and failures, and a translucent brick has been created in real size, that is 5 x 10 x 19 cm. But a few next steps need to be done including the finishing touch of the brick including drying up of the brick, cutting of the rod glasses to make their size even according to the width of the brick that is 10 cm. Testing of the strength property of the brick is also needed to be done according to the method previously explained, as well as testing of the illumination level performed by the brick. From the experiment so far it can be concluded that the procedure of the experiments needs to be refined to assure better result especially when it is projected for larger production. However, as an innovative product this result has inspired the team to create various products using the same substance and method.
Drs. Budi Isdianto, M.Sn (Program Desentralisasi Dikti ITB 2013), 2014,
Bamboo Musical Instrument Inovation and Development
Extended Abstract: Bamboo is an integral part of people's lives, especially in West Java. Bamboo has been used in many areas in people's lives, they use bamboo for food, cloth and housing material. Bamboo image is identical with material that is temporary and not prestigious. We need to change the people opinion about bamboo by adding some value into it.
Bamboo musical instruments have been developed since the days of the traditional societies of West Java. How to play it was still limited to the shaken like example angklung, beaten like example calung, blown like example flute, and so forth. By considering aspects of technology in it, bamboo musical instrument can compensate for a modern instrument that is played by plucked (guitar), swiped (violin), etc, with the help of electronic devices that 'embedded' in it.
This research attempts to develop a variety of musical instruments (non-traditional) made of bamboo that has a good design and good sound quality with the goal of keeping the image of a bamboo as a local material.
The research methodology used is divided into two approaches, the first is exploring the bamboo character and the second is measuring the right dimensions that suit the music instrument. The implementation phase are:
1. Observing the craftsmen skill and technique about bamboo musical instrument.
2. Interview with the craftsmen to clarify, confirm or identify the extent to which they understand the technicalities of making bamboo musical instruments.
4. Evaluating the shape and sound quality of bamboo musical instruments that already exist.
3. Undertake the development of the bamboo musical instrument design on the basis of the reference interview above.
5. Creating a new prototype based on the design of bamboo musical instruments that already exist.
6. Testing the prototype product.
7. Evaluating the prototype.
8. Disseminating the results of research and innovation throughout
Dr. Ratna Panggabean, M.Sn (Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ITB 2013), 2014,
The Utilization of Silk Fiber Weaving Waste as an Eco Fashion Product (Case Study : Sentra Sutera Tarogong, Garut, West Java)
Extended Abstract: The impact of various phenomena and issues upon the environtment that exist today should make the
change in mindset of society of these days upon beholding the state of the natural environment. One of
the efforts in supporting the environmental conservation movement was to manufacture the ecofashion
products which one of them was the use of weaving production residual material on
reproducing the textile and fashion products.
The case studies of this research discussed the potential of the weaving residual of silk fibers
reproduced into such commodity with high value. So far, the utilization of this yarn waste from fiber
weaving industry was only limited to be used as a raw material for the yarn. However, the remaining
volume of the silk fiber was so overwhelming that sometimes be destroyed by fire so as to reduce the
consuming of place. The availability of this waste was so abundant, especially in the area of Tarogong,
Garut regency, West Java where not many people were keen to processing the rest of the silk weaving
waste into ready-made goods with high value.
Through the deep exploration of silk fiber weaving waste with its various characteristics, this weaving
waste could apparently be used as an alternative textile products. On the early stage of research, many
ways of tabulation were executed to achieve the manner of good textile product material, performed
especially by the technique of macrame.
The execution of the tabulation process to the silk fiber weaving waste as the main ingridient was to
be expected to maximize the potential and also to improve the quality as well as the aesthetic value
hence it could become one alternative for high quality textile material and fashion products. The
tabulation process of the weaving waste was also expected to be able to facilitate an alternative
solution in the effort of reducing the waste caused by the weaving industry in nearly many fiber
manufacturing centrals. Also, it could provide a great opportunity for small household industries
which were expected to become a major players in tabulation process for the further weaving
wasteproducts and also one which would have an impact on the economic empowerment of the
community at large.
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